Ethiopie/Kenya : la guerre de la faim entre Turkana et Dhaasanac


The Turkana are traditionally nomadic pastoralists, but the pastures needed to feed their herds suffer from recurring droughts and many have turned to fishing. The trend began back in the 1960s, following a devastating drought, which wiped out entire herds. The government introduced communities to fishing in the mostly untouched Lake Turkana. But now the lake is overfished, and scarcity of food and pastureland is fueling a long-standing conflict with Ethiopian indigenous Dhaasanac, who have seen grazing grounds squeezed by large-scale government agricultural schemes in southern Ethiopia. The Dhaasanac now venture deeper into Kenyan territory in search of fish and grass, clashing with neighbors. “The Turkana and the Dhaasanac have been enemies for a long time. However, before they used to fight with spears and other rudimental weapons,” said Turkana leader Pius Chuchu.–Thea Bret


Simon Choko, 44, a community leader of a fishing camp near the shores of Lake Turkana, holds his gun as he shows a bullet wound which he says he got from an attack by raiders from the Dhaasanac tribe of southern Ethiopia near the Kenya-Ethiopia border in northwestern Kenya on Oct. 12. (Siegfried Modola/Reuters)


A Turkana girl holds a lamb at the end of the day inside her family’s cattle kraal on Oct. 14. (Siegfried Modola/Reuters)


A Dhaasanac man from southern Ethiopia and Kenyan soldiers from the Rapid Deployment Unit, an emergency response unit deployed due to reoccurring clashes and killings between the Turkana and Dhaasanac communities, try to lift a cow which is dying from hunger. (Siegfried Modola/Reuters)


An armed Turkana man walks towards the shores of Lake Turkana near a temporary fishing camp on Oct. 12. (Siegfried Modola/Reuters)


A Turkana man pushes a boat as he prepares to venture onto Lake Turkana for the day’s fishing on Oct. 13. (Siegfried Modola/Reuters)


Turkana fishermen raise the sail of their boat as they prepare to fish on Oct. 13. (Siegfried Modola/Reuters)


Turkana fishermen venture into deeper waters on Lake Turkana on Oct. 13. (Siegfried Modola/Reuters)



A Turkana fisherman holds a freshly caught fish on Lake Turkana on Oct. 12. (Siegfried Modola/Reuters)



A G3 battle rifle hangs from a structure used to dry fish at a fishing camp on the shores of Lake Turkana on Oct. 12. (Siegfried Modola/Reuters)



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